On the morning of 6 July 2009, the agreement on the text of the “Joint Agreement on the Further Reduction and Limitation of Strategic Offensive Arms”  was announced by Medvedev and Obama during the US President`s visit to Moscow on the same day. The document listed the intention of both parties to reduce the number of nuclear warheads between 1,500 and 1675 units and their delivery weapons to 500-1,100 units.  Shortly after Billingslea`s speech, Russian Deputy Foreign Minister Sergei Riabkov dismissed the US proposal as “unacceptable” and said the Trump administration should not expect Russia to sign an arms control agreement “that coincides with its elections.” There is hope that the latest nuclear weapons pact between the United States and Russia can be extended after Washington has said it wants to reach an agreement immediately. Until the beginning of the crisis in Ukraine, the EU and Russia had established a strategic partnership including trade, economy, energy, climate change, research, education, culture and security, including the fight against terrorism, the non-proliferation of nuclear weapons and conflict resolution in the Middle East. The EU was a strong supporter of Russia`s accession to the WTO (completed in 2012). In recent years, the issue of common neighbourhood has become an important point of friction. Russia`s illegal annexation of Crimea in March 2014 and evidence that Russia was supporting rebel fighters in eastern Ukraine triggered an international crisis. The EU reviewed its bilateral relations with Russia and held regular bilateral summits and suspended dialogue on visas and discussions on a new bilateral agreement to replace the CPA. The EU is currently taking a two-pronged approach to Russia, combining progressive sanctions and attempts to find diplomatic solutions to the conflict in eastern Ukraine. Russia`s participation in the E3-3 group` efforts, which concluded a nuclear agreement with Iran in July 2015, has raised hopes of closer cooperation on the world stage.
However, Russia`s intervention in the war in Syria since September 2015, President Assad`s support and disinformation campaigns inside and outside Russia have created additional tensions with the West. On August 25, 1939, the New York Times published a front page of Otto D. Tolischus, “Nazi Talks Secret,” one of whose subtitles were “the Soviet Accords and the Empire`s Agreements on the East.”  On August 26, 1939, the New York Times reported on Japanese anger and the French communist surprise over the pact. But on the same day, Tolichus filed a story that was recorded by Nazi troops on the way to Gleiwitz (now Gliwice), which led to the Gleiwitz incident, on August 31, 1939, under the false flag.  On August 28, 1939, the New York Times reported the fear of a robbery on Gleiwitz.  On August 29, 1939, the New York Times reported that the Supreme Soviet had failed on the first day of its convening for the Covenant Act.  On the same day, the New York Times also reported from Montreal, Canada, that American professor Samuel N. Harper of the University of Chicago had publicly expressed his belief that “the Russian-German non-aggression pact concealed an agreement that Russia and Germany could have served spheres of influence for Eastern Europe.”  On August 30, 1939, the New York Times reported a Soviet construction on its western borders, moving 200,000 soldiers from the Far East.  The European Parliament approved the APC in 1997 as part of the `compliant notice procedure`. Since the Lisbon Treaty came into force, Parliament has had to “approve” any new agreement. Parliament does not directly define strategic needs or action programmes, but, together with the Council, it adopts legislation on the objectives and priorities of EU financial aid, including the European Neighbourhood Instrument (IEI), which funds EU regional cooperation with Russia.