Stepanakert was also a target while both sides had to prepare for a ceasefire when rockets were fired at the capital as well as the surrounding towns of Shushi and Martuni. These attacks continue tonight. “Baku uses the same style of war crimes at the very last moment,” Artsakh ombudsman Artak Beglaryan tweeted. The ceasefire agreed on Saturday came into effect at midnight (2000 GMT) after a week-long ceasefire brokered by Russia failed to stop the worst fighting in the South Caucasus since the 1990s. Since fighting began on 27 September, at least 750 people have been killed. The ceasefire earlier this month was aimed at exchanging pages of prisoners and the bodies of those killed in the clashes, but had little influence on the fighting around the enclave. Several attempts were made to push through ceasefires during the Syrian civil war.  On January 1, 1949, a UN-brokered ceasefire was reached between India and Pakistan, ending the 1947 Indo-Pakistani War (also known as the 1947 Kashmir War). In October 1947, fighting broke out between the two newly independent countries of Kashmir, with India intervening on behalf of the princely ruler of Kashmir, who had joined India, and Pakistan supporting the rebels. Fighting has been limited to Kashmir, but fearing it could develop into a global international war, India referred the case to the UN Security Council, in accordance with Article 35 of the UN Charter, which deals with situations “that could jeopardize the maintenance of international peace.” The Security Council established the United Nations Special Commission for India and Pakistan, which mediated for an entire year as the fighting continued. Following several United Nations resolutions that outlined a procedure for settling the dispute by referendum, a ceasefire agreement was reached between the countries towards the end of December 1948 and entered into force last year.
The Security Council has set up the UN Military Observer Group for India and Pakistan (UNMOGIP) to monitor the ceasefire line.  During Ramadan 2018, India declared a ceasefire in the Kashmir Valley.  Trump also used social media to congratulate Prime Minister Nikol Pashinyan and Azerbaijani President Ilham Aliyev, praising his government`s efforts to broker the ceasefire agreement. 26 This formula was first used by the Chief of Staff of Pakistan, General Qamar Bajwa; see “Pakistan Committed to 2003 Ceasefire Agreement, says COAS,” Dawn, January 23, 2018, www.dawn.com/news/1384662/pakistan-committed-to-2003-ceasefire-agreement-says-coas; I thank Sushant Singh for that information. The violation of a third ceasefire agreement was described by the spokesman of Artsakh President Vahram Poghosyan as “the insolent attitude of the Aliyev regime towards all civilized humanity,” who said Artsakh had no choice but to protect the country. 54 For example, last January, the Pakistani Ministry of Foreign Affairs appointed the Deputy Indian High Commissioner “to protest against the victims resulting from a violation of the ceasefire by Indian forces”. Siehe Naveed Siddiqui, “Pakistan Lodges Protest With India Over Civilian Casualties in Cross-Border Firing,” Dawn, 21. January 2018, www.dawn.com/news/1384344. . . .